USSR, 1926, 61mn 
Black and white, silent, fiction
By the Law
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По закону


 Dura Lex

 Po zakonu

Directed by : Lev KULESHOV (Лев КУЛЕШОВ)
Writing credits : Viktor SHKLOVSKY (Виктор ШКЛОВСКИЙ)
Vladimir FOGEL (Владимир ФОГЕЛЬ) ...Michael Deinin, l’assassin
Pyotr GALADZHEV (Пётр ГАЛАДЖЕВ) ...Herke
Aleksandra KHOKHLOVA (Александра ХОХЛОВА) ...Edith
Sergey KOMAROV (Сергей КОМАРОВ) ...Hans Nilsen, le mari
Porfiri PODOBED (Порфирий ПОДОБЕД) ...Detchi
Cinematography : Konstantin KUZNETSOV (Константин КУЗНЕЦОВ)
Production design : Isaac MAKHLIS (Исаак МАХЛИС)
Production : Goskino
Release date in Russia : 03/12/1926
format : 35 mm
Site : www.sarahfascetti.com/2009/01/dura-lex-koulechov/

DVD with subtitles
Editor : Bach Films
Editor : Filmmuseum. 2010. Titre : Po zakonu

Plot synopsis
The avant-garde thriller Po Zakonu is his masterpiece. Based on Jack London's The Unexpected, Po Zakonu is the story of five gold prospectors who find themselves trapped during a savage winter in the Yukon.

Commentaries and bibliography
10 of Harvard University’s favorite Soviet and Russian films, Alexandra GUZEVA, RUSSIA BEYOND, 2017
By the Law Review, Juliet Jacques, Cineaste Magazine, 2011
Po zakonu (Dura Lex - Selon la loi) - La critique + Le test DVD, Claude RIEFFEL, avoir-alire.com, 2001
Les origines du cinéma soviétique : un regard neuf, Myriam TSIKOUNAS, Cerf, 1992
Kuleshov’s adaptation of a Jack London novel follows gold-diggers on the banks of the Yukon in Alaska. This silent film has been restored by the Austrian Film Museum and will be accompanied by live music composed by Franz Reisecker. Closing film of the Red Western programme.
Three men, one couple, one dog; all searching for gold on the banks of the Yukon in Alaska, the home of the gold rush. Everything runs smoothly at first, then Dennin suddenly shoots two of the prospectors. And then there were three. Nelson and his wife Edith (Alexandra Khokhlova) subdue the murderer. The corpses are taken away and buried; Dennin is tied up in the cabin and kept under constant guard. None can leave, as the ice and snow have begun to melt, flooding the Klondike Fields.
By the Law is an absolute masterpiece, the greatness of which stems from its very minimalism. One can label By the Law a formalist action film, a Western psychodrama or an experimental study in bigotry. There is as much of the silent Westerns of John Ford as there is of Erich von Stroheim’s Greed and Charles Chaplin’s The Gold Rush in By the Law.

Selected in the following festivals or events :
- The Golden Age of Soviet Cinema : 1924-1930, kinoglaz.fr (France), 2023
- Fondation Jérôme Seydoux. L'âge d'or du cinéma muet russe (1908-1934), Paris (France), 2015
- Rotterdam International Film Festival, Rotterdam (Netherlands), 2011
- Era New Horizons IFF, Wroclaw (Poland), 2011
- International Film Festival : Pacific Meridians, Vladivostok (Russia), 2009
- 'Il Cinema Ritrovato' Festival, Bologna (Italy), 2008
- Open Russian Film Festival Kinotavr, Sochi (Russia), 2007
- Moscow International Film Festival (MIFF), Moscow (Russia), 2007
- Europalia Russia 2005, Brussels (Belgium), 2005
- Images Russie 1908-1930 au musée d'Orsay, Paris (France), 2005