Director,
Writer,
Actor
Born 1903, Russia
 
Died 1994
Yuli RAIZMAN
▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪
Юлий Яковлевич РАЙЗМАН
Youli RAIZMAN
Filmography (extracts)
 
Director
1984 - Time of Desires (Время желаний) [fiction, 103 mn]
1982 - Private Life (Частная жизнь) [fiction, 102 mn]
1977 - A Strange Woman (Странная женщина) [fiction, 147 mn]
1973 - Visit of Courtesy (Визит вежливости) [fiction, 157 mn]
1967 - Your Contemporary (Твой современник) [fiction, 147 mn]
1962 - What If This Is Love ? (А если это любовь?) [fiction, 102 mn]
1957 - Kommunist (Коммунист) [fiction, 111 mn]
1955 - The Lesson of Life (Урок жизни) [fiction, 112 mn]
1950 - The Chevalier of the Gold Star (Кавалер Золотой звезды) [fiction, 118 mn]
1949 - Raïnis (Райнис) [fiction, 106 mn]
1947 - The East-Bound Train (Поезд идёт на Восток) [fiction, 90 mn]
1945 - Berlin (Берлин) [documentary, 45 mn]
1944 - Moscow Skies (Небо Москвы) [fiction, 80 mn]
1944 - K voprosu o peremirii s Finlandiey (К вопросу о перемирии с Финляндией) [documentary, 1299 m]
1942 - Mashenka (Машенька) [fiction, 77 mn]
1939 - The Virgin Land (Поднятая Целина) [fiction, 118 mn]
1936 - The Last Night (Последняя ночь) [fiction, 98 mn]
1935 - Pilots (Летчики) [fiction, 80 mn]
1932 - A Story About Omar Khaptsoko (Разказ об Умаре Хапцоко) [fiction, 29 mn]
1930 - Soil Is Thirsty (Земля жаждет) [fiction, 70 mn]
1928 - Penal Servitude (Каторга) [fiction, 63 mn]
1927 - Krug (Круг) [fiction, 67 mn]
 
Writer
1982 - Private Life (Частная жизнь) by Yuli RAIZMAN [fiction, 102 mn]
1973 - Visit of Courtesy (Визит вежливости) by Yuli RAIZMAN [fiction, 157 mn]
1962 - What If This Is Love ? (А если это любовь?) by Yuli RAIZMAN [fiction, 102 mn]
1936 - The Last Night (Последняя ночь) by Yuli RAIZMAN , Dmitry VASILIEV [fiction, 98 mn]
 
Actor
1925 - Chess Fever (Шахматная горячка) by Vsevolod PUDOVKIN , Nikolay SHPIKOVSKY [fiction, 14 mn]

Awards :
Artiste du peuple de l’Union soviétique (1964)
Prize for the exceptionnal contribution to Cinema, "NIKA" Prizes, Russia, 1987
Berlin :
Best Documentary, Festival de Cannes, Cannes (France), 1946
Kommunist :
Premier prix, prix de la meilleure réalisation, prix du meilleur rôle masculin au festival de l'URSS 1959
The Last Night :
Grand Prix de l'Exposition universelle de Paris en 1937
Raïnis :
Prix de l'Union soviétique, 1950
Private Life :
Lion d'or pour sa contribution artistique à Youli Raïzman et Prix spécial du jury pour l'acteur Mikhaïl Oulianov au Festival de Venise, 1982
Premier prix du festival national de l'Union soviétique de 1983
Nommé aux Oscars 1983 du meilleur film étranger
Berlin :
Grand prix international au festival de Cannes (meilleur long métrage documentaire), 1946
Prix Staline pour Yuli Raïzman et Elisaveta Svilova(montage), 1946
K voprosu o peremirii s Finlandiey :
Prix Staline, 1946

Biography
Film Director, People's Artist of the USSR (1964), Hero of Socialist Labor (1973).
Yuli Raizman graduated from the faculty of Social Sciences of the first MSU (Moscow State University) in 1924, the same year he worked as a literary consultant at the studio "Mezhrabpom-Rus"1, and as assistant director of Y. Protazanov in 1925.
At the end of 1926, Raizman was called to the Red Army and commissioned to PUR Agitprom (Political governance of Soviet armed forces). In turn, PUR appointed him as a director to the newly created studio "Gosvoenkino" 2 where Yuli Raizman produced his first film "Krug" (1927).
From 1931, Raizman worked as a film director at the studio "Mosfilm" (in 1948, after the comedy "The Train Goes East" was banned, he was transferred to the Riga film studio), where he collaborated with the screenwriter Evgeny Gabrilovovich. In 1944-1964, he is a professor at VGIK (The Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography) and supervisor of the directing and acting workshop.
In 1935 Raizman made the film "Pilots" (1935) about the “greatness of the day-to-day life of Soviet people". <...> the charm of "Pilots" is not as much in the astonishing poetry of the everyday flying school, captured by the experienced and elegant movements of the camera of L. V. Kosmatov; the film is penetrated with light, yet not the one of a the boastful apotheosis of 1930s, but of a timid motive of serene happiness that all these young people just live and fly.
A new height in the work of Raizman was "Mashenka" (1942, Stalin's prize 1943), launched in production before the beginning of the war. The particular charm of "Mashenka" is that the everyday, unremarkable pre-war life of a modest telegraph employee and her friend, a taxi driver, appears as through a washed clean glass, literally penetrated with light and poetry of being.
During the war, Raizman creates another film in which the heroic is inseparable from the everyday, and the grandiose is not at all in contradiction with the humane -"The Sky of Moscow" (1944), a kind of continuation of "Pilots". At the same time, he undertakes two political orders, documentary films "On the question of the Armistice with Finland" (1944) and "Berlin" (1945), both distinguished with another Stalin prizes in 1946.
In 1948, the director was relegated at the lower capacity Riga film studio, as a consequence of not meeting Stalin’s expectations with his lyrical comedy "The Train Goes East" (1947). This seemingly unpretentious film was criticized for the small importance of its themes and a lightweight treatment of the idea of return of the Soviet people to a peaceful life after the war and their inspired building of a new society.
In the early 1950s, the opal of Raizman continued, this time because of his Jewish origin, as he fell under the general appellation of “rootless cosmopolitans"3 - he was suspended from work in cinema for several years. Only in 1955 Raizman had returned to creative work and shot a family drama "The Lesson of Life". Three years later, in 1958, the film director makes the cult film of Soviet time "The Communist", made honestly and with sincere faith in the sacrificial feat of the modest storekeeper Vasily Gubanov. From that time, Raizman took place among the most venerable Soviet directors, he fruitfully worked in the 1960- 1980-ies, and made a number of successful films that provoked a public interest.
 

Commentaries and bibliography
- Юлий Райзман , Mark ZAK, 1962, Искусство