Mark DONSKOY
Марк ДОНСКОЙ
Marc DONSKOI
USSR, 1943, 91mn 
Black and white, fiction
The Rainbow
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Радуга

 

 L'Arc-en-ciel

 Raduga

 
Directed by : Mark DONSKOY (Марк ДОНСКОЙ)
Writing credits : Vanda VASILYEVSKAYA (Ванда ВАСИЛЕВСКАЯ)
Based on Vanda VASSILEVSKAÏA's novel of the same name.
 
Cast
Nina ALISOVA (Нина АЛИСОВА) ...Poussia
Nikolay BRATERSKY (Николай БРАТЕРСКИЙ)
Vladimir CHOBUR (Владимир ЧОБУР)
Anton DUNAISKY (Антон ДУНАЙСКИЙ) ...Le père Okhabko
Valentina IVASHEVA (Валентина ИВАШЕВА) ...Olga
Gans KLERING (Ганс КЛЕРИНГ) ...Kurt Werner
Alik LETICHEVSKY (Алик ЛЕТИЧЕВСКИЙ)
Anna LISIANSKAYA (Анна ЛИСЯНСКАЯ) ...Mlioutchikha
Nina LY (Нина ЛИ)
Emma PERELSHTEIN (Эмма ПЕРЕЛЬШТЕЙН)
Vova PONOMAREV (Вова ПОНОМАРЕВ)
Yelena TIAPKINA (Елена ТЯПКИНА) ...Tiedossia
Natalya UZHVY (Наталия УЖВИЙ) ...Olena Kostiouk
Vitia VINOGRADOV (Витя ВИНОГРАДОВ)
 
Cinematography : Boris MONASTYRSKY (Борис МОНАСТЫРСКИЙ)
Production design : Valentina KHMELEVA (Валентина ХМЕЛЕВА)
Music : Lev SCHWARTZ (Лев ШВАРЦ)
Sound : Aleksandr BABY (Александр БАБИЙ)
Restauration : studio de Gorki (1966)
Release date in Russia : 24/01/1944
 

Awards :
Prix des critiques des USA, 1944

Plot synopsis
Mark Donskoy, the Russian filmmaker whose fame rests upon his brilliant "Gorky Trilogy" of the late 1930s, came up with another artistic triumph in 1944's Rainbow (originally Raduga). With understandable creative rage, Donskoy depicts life in a Nazi-occupied village at the beginning of World War 2. The German conquerors are above nothing, not even the slaughter of small children, to break the spirit of their Soviet captives. Suffering more than most is Olga (Nataliya Uzhviy), a Russian partisan who returns to the village to bear her child, only to endure the cruelest of arbitrary tortures at the hands of the Nazis. Eventually, the villagers rise up against their oppressors-but unexpectedly do not wipe them out, electing instead to force the surviving Nazis to stand trial for their atrocities in a postwar "people's court." (It is also implied that those who collaborated with the Germans will be dealt with in the same evenhanded fashion). Brilliantly acted by virtually everyone in the cast, Rainbow is a remarkable achievement, one that deserves to be better known outside of Russia.
Hal Erickson, www.allmovie.com
 

Commentaries and bibliography
L’arc-en-ciel (1944) [Mark Donskoï], Julien MORVAN, Perestroikino, 2021
Construire, déconstruire, reconstruire au cinéma le mythe de la femme soviétique, Valéry KOSSOV, Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2016
 

Selected in the following festivals :
- Festival of Russian cinema in Nice, Nice (France), 2015
- Zoom arrière. Cinémathèque de Toulouse, Toulouse (France), 2015
- Sputnik nad Polska, Warsaw (Poland), 2009
- Moscow International Film Festival (MIFF), Moscow (Russia), 2005

Photos and videos
 








Natalia Oujvi dans le rôle d’Olena Kostiouk