USSR, 1932, 103mn 
Black and white, fiction
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Directed by : Lev KULESHOV (Лев КУЛЕШОВ)
Writing credits : Lev KULESHOV (Лев КУЛЕШОВ), Georgi MUNBLIT (Георгий МУНБЛИТ), Viktor SHKLOVSKY (Виктор ШКЛОВСКИЙ)
Nikolay BATALOV (Николай БАТАЛОВ) ...Leva Horizon
Ivan BOBROV (Иван БОБРОВ) ...Surveillant
Mikhail DOLLER (Михаил ДОЛЛЕР)
Mikhail DORONIN (Михаил ДОРОНИН) ...L'oncle de Leva
Pyotr GALADZHEV (Пётр ГАЛАДЖЕВ) ...Le rabbin
Anatoli GORCHILIN (Анатолий ГОРЧИЛИН) ...Monia
Konstantin KHOKHLOV (Константин ХОХЛОВ) ...Marchand
Sergey KOMAROV (Сергей КОМАРОВ) ...Sous-officier, policier américain, pope
Nikolay KRIUCHKOV (Николай КРЮЧКОВ) ...Partisan
Yelena KUZMINA (Елена КУЗЬМИНА) ...Rosie
Porfiri PODOBED (Порфирий ПОДОБЕД) ...Den
Vladimir URALSKY (Владимир УРАЛЬСКИЙ) ...Partisan
Cinematography : Konstantin KUZNETSOV (Константин КУЗНЕЦОВ)
Production design : Daniil CHERKES (Даниил ЧЕРКЕС), Sergey KOZLOVSKI (Сергей КОЗЛОВСКИЙ), P. PORTENE (П. ПОРТОНЭ)
Music : David BLOK (Давид БЛОК)
Sound : Leonid OBOLENSKY (Леонид ОБОЛЕНСКИЙ), Nikolay OZORNOV (Николай ОЗОРНОВ)
Production : Mejrabpomfilm
Release date in Russia : 30/01/1933

Plot synopsis
The title is at once a man’s name and the Russian word for “horizon”—a metaphor literalized in the final shot of a train leaving a tunnel. <...>it is one of the few Soviet films centered on a Jew, and so the formulaic growth-to-consciousness plotline takes on a new resonance in the light of Slavic anti-semitism. Lev Gorizont is an amiable, somewhat thick young man who dreams of emigrating to the US to make his fortune. But in New York he finds only poverty and disillusionment, eventually returning home to help make a better society. Famous for its use of sound, Gorizont contains a passage of imaginative “counterpoint.” Both Lev and his friend Smith have been jilted by the social-climber Rosie. As they talk, we hear warm piano music, but not until the end of the scene does Smith speculate that probably Rosie is somewhere listening to Chopin. The music has retrospectively functioned somewhat like crosscutting, suggesting that Rosie now lives among the wealthy.
David Bordwell, www.davidbordwell.net

Selected in the following festivals or events :
- Moscow International Festival of Archival Films, Moscow (Russia), 2022
- Kinojudaica in the Cinémathèque suisse, Lausanne (Switzerland), 2011
- Kinojudaica : the image of the Jews in the cinema of Russia and Soviet Union (1910-1960), Toulouse (France), 2009
- Kinojudaïca at the Shoah Memorial in Paris, Paris (France), 2009
- 'Il Cinema Ritrovato' Festival, Bologna (Italy), 2008